Madhya Pradesh Government : Bhopal Gas Tragedy Relief and Rehabilitation Department, Bhopal



   Since, most of the gas victims are from the lower strata of the society, Government under took welfare measures to economically rehabilitate them. To expedite this matter, the Government has created a post of Commissioner, Economic Rehabilitation, headed by a senior I.A.S. Officer.
Various economic rehabilitation activities undertaken are:-

Industrial Training Institute:

    A massive self sufficient modern building has been constructed to provide training to unemployed gas victims so that they could be economically independent.  The administrative control of Industrial Training Institute has been transferred to the department of Manpower Planning & Training, Government of Madhya Pradesh. 296 students are getting admission in this ITI every year. A placement cell has been established. After training students are getting employment through this cell.

Work sheds and Industrial sheds:

In industrial area 152 industrial sheds were constructed. Apart from this in different gas exposed localities 42 worksheds were also constructed.
These worksheds have been handed over to various Non-Governmental Organizations who in-turn provide employment to gas victims by running various training cum production activities.
The industrial sheds have been allotted to private entrepreneurs and Government undertakings to run large industrial units with a view to provide employment to larger number of gas victims.

A.     Work sheds :

An amount of Rs. 4.00 crores has been sanctioned by the Government for a special Economic Rehabilitation Programme pertaining to Training related to Traditional Art Work Like Zari, Zardoji, Paper Pulp Work etc.  This is being provided to Gas Victims through Commissioner, Economic Rehabilitation. 
An amount of Rs.1.00 crore has been given to Commissioner M.P.Hasth Shilp Vikas Nigam (M.P.HSVN).

Under this programme,  in the first phase Madhya Pradesh Hasth Shilpa Vikas Nigam has identified four NGOs for imparting training to the gas victims. 
The organizations are as follows:-

1.     Manav Vikas Seva Sangh, Bhopal

2.     Seva Bharati, Madhya Bharat, Bhopal.

3.     Rajiv Smriti Gas Peedith Punarwas Kendra , Bhopal.

4.     Gyanoday Educational Society, Bhopal. 

After completion of basic training, a skill development training programme was also initiated through these above mentioned organisations for a period of six months.  Each centre was responsible for providing training to 20 gas affected beneficiaries.

In addition to the above Centres Madhya Pradesh Hastha Shilp Vikas Niagam has identified 10 Non Governmental Organizations for providing training in tailoring and Kashidakari. For tailoring and art needle work, M.P. Hast Shilp Vikas Nigam had invited application from gas victims. After selection of candidates, Rs. 18,19,000.00 had been provided for this purpose. The training programme has already been completed in the month of June 2008. Madhya Pradesh Women Financial Development Corporation has been providing training related to Paper Napkin/Sanitory Napkin production to 600 women gas victims.  The department has provided rs.52.90 lakhs for this purpose.

The Department has also provided Rs.27.00 lakhs to Center for Entrepreneurship Development Madhya Pradesh, Bhopal (CEDMAP) for imparting job oriented training programmes related to various trades.
The following Non Government Organisations are also associated with Economic Rehabilitation Programmes.10 non government organizations, already in the panel of gas relief departments, were selected for training purpose,the following N.G.Os were selected :- 1. Manav Vikas Seva Sangh, 2. Seva Samiti, 3. Swabhiman Mahila Udhyog, 4. Rajeev Smriti Gas Peedit Punarvas Kendra,5. Mahila Vikas Manch, 6. Maha Shakti Seva Kendra, 7. Dukh Nivaran Samiti, 8. Gas Peedit Mahila Samiti, 9. Oriental Kala Avum Seva Kendra, 10. Berozgar Gas Peedit Mahila Samiti.
For this purpose 340 candidates were given training. Training had been provided by Aperala Training and Design Centre, Indore.


B.      Industrial sheds:

    152 large industrial sheds have been constructed in the special industrial area which have been allotted to private entrepreneurs and Government undertakings to run large industrial units with a view to provide employment to larger number of gas victims. 

   The brief summary of expenditure incurred on economic rehabilitation is as under:-

 Expenditure (Rs in Cr.)

Scheme Sanctioned under Action Plan Expenditure upto Dec 2021  
Economic Rehabilitation (First Action Plan) 21.18 27.06
Scheme Sanctioned under Action Plan Expenditure on Dec 2021
Economic Rehabilitation (Second Action Plan) 104.00 18.13

Under Second Action Plan Rs 104 crores provided for subcidy to the Entrepreneurs to establish their ventures in terms of Rs 1.00 lacks for each gas victims provided employment with a caping of 50% of total capital investment and rupees 2 crore for marketing cell and rupees 2 crore for human resorcess of the cell.This plan did not succeed as none of the orgnization/Entrepreneurs come forword for the assigned schedules.The victims were in favour of employment rather than Entrepreneurship traing program scheme with built in mandatory employment oportunity.The department called for Expression of intrest for "Training cum employment/Placement".

Total of 12355 gas victims have been registered for training & 4700 have been gainfully employed. After completion of training rest of the trained beneficiary is in process of employment/placement.